Hedy Lamarr Inventor

Hedy Lamarr, hauntingly beautiful actress, and mother of modern mobile phone technology.

Hedy Lamarr (November 9, 1913 – January 19, 2000), born Hedwig Eva Maria Kiesler, was an Austrian-born American actress and communications technology innovator. Though known primarily for her great beauty and her successful film career, she also co-invented the first form of spread spectrum, a key to modern wireless communication.

Early life and education

Lamarr was born Hedwig Eva Maria Kiesler in Vienna, Austria in 1913. While married to her first husband, Friedrich Mandl, aka Fritz Mandl Budde, an arms manufacturer, she became educated technically in her husband's business. Mandl was 13 years older than Lamarr, and extremely possessive of her. To escape him, one night she drugged her maid and took a train to London.

Movie career

After her flight from Mandl, she met Louis B. Mayer in London. After he hired her, at his insistence she changed her name to Hedy Lamarr, choosing the surname in homage to a famously beautiful film star of the silent era, Barbara LaMarr, who had died of a drug overdose in 1926.

Lamarr had already appeared in several European films, including Ecstasy (1933), A Czech film, in which she played a love-hungry young wife of an indifferent old husband. Closeups of her face in passion, and long shots of her running nude through the woods, gave the film notoriety, as the first actress to appear nude in a regular film. She also gained notoriety as one of the first actresses to bare her breasts in a major film and for faking an orgasm on film. Mandl bought up as many copies of the film as he could possibly find, as he objected to her nudity, as well as "the expression on her face."

In Hollywood, she was usually cast as glamorous and seductive. Her many films include Algiers (1938), White Cargo (1942), and Tortilla Flat (1942), based on the novel by John Steinbeck. In 1941 she was cast alongside two other Hollywood beauties, Lana Turner and Judy Garland in the musical extravaganza Ziegfeld Girl.

Her biggest success came as Delilah in Cecil B. DeMille's Samson and Delilah (1949) with Victor Mature as the Biblical strongman. Lamarr was cast more for her stunning exotic beauty—which the 1 October 1938 issue of Vogue described as a "fatal Sunday supplement beauty, somnambulistic and aloof"—than her ability as an actress.

Lamarr became a naturalized citizen of the United States on April 10, 1953. For her contribution to the motion picture industry, Hedy Lamarr has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6247 Hollywood Blvd.


Filmography

Actress:
  1. "Pantomime Quiz" .... Guest Panelist (1 episode, 1962)
    ... aka Mike Stokey's Pantomime Quiz (USA)
    ... aka Stump the Stars (USA: new title)
        - Hedy Lamarr (1962) TV Episode .... Guest Panelist
  2. The Female Animal (1958) .... Vanessa Windsor
  3. The Story of Mankind (1957) .... Joan of Arc
  4. "Zane Grey Theater" .... Consuela Bowers (1 episode, 1957)
    ... aka Dick Powell's Zane Grey Theater (USA: complete title)
    ... aka The Westerners (USA: rerun title)
        - Proud Woman (1957) TV Episode .... Consuela Bowers
  5. "The George Gobel Show" .... Guest Star (1 episode, 1957)
        - Episode dated 22 October 1957 (1957) TV Episode .... Guest Star
  6. Slaughter on Tenth Avenue (1957) (scenes deleted)
  7. "Shower of Stars" (1 episode, 1957)
    ... aka Chrysler Shower of Stars
        - Cloak and Dagger (1957) TV Episode
  8. Eterna femmina, L' (1954)
  9. Amante di Paride, L' (1954) .... Hedy Windsor/Helen of Troy/Empress Josephine/Geneviève de Brabant
    ... aka Loves of Three Queens (USA)
    ... aka The Face That Launched a Thousand Ships (UK)
  10. "Four Star Revue" .... Guest star (1 episode, 1952)
    ... aka All Star Revue (USA: new title)
        - Episode dated 14 June 1952 (1952) TV Episode .... Guest star
  11. My Favorite Spy (1951) .... Lily Dalbray
  12. Copper Canyon (1950) .... Lisa Roselle
  13. A Lady Without Passport (1950) .... Marianne Lorress
  14. Samson and Delilah (1949) .... Delilah
    ... aka Cecil B. DeMille's Samson and Delilah (USA: complete title)
  15. Let's Live a Little (1948) .... Dr. J.O. Loring
  16. Dishonored Lady (1947) .... Madeleine Damien
    ... aka Sins of Madeleine (USA: reissue title)
  17. The Strange Woman (1946) .... Jenny Hager
  18. Her Highness and the Bellboy (1945) .... Princess Veronica
  19. Experiment Perilous (1944) .... Allida Bederaux
  20. The Conspirators (1944) .... Irene Von Mohr
  21. The Heavenly Body (1944) .... Vicky Whitley
  22. White Cargo (1942) .... Tondelayo
  23. Crossroads (1942) .... Lucienne Talbot
  24. Tortilla Flat (1942) .... Dolores Ramirez
  25. H.M. Pulham, Esq. (1941) .... Marvin Myles Ransome
  26. Ziegfeld Girl (1941) .... Mrs. Sandra Kolter
  27. Come Live with Me (1941) .... Johnny Jones
  28. Comrade X (1940) .... Golubka, aka Theodore Yahupitz and Lizvanetchka 'Lizzie'
  29. Boom Town (1940) .... Karen Vanmeer
  30. I Take This Woman (1940) .... Georgi Gragore Decker
  31. Lady of the Tropics (1939) .... Manon deVargnes Carey, aka Kira Kim
  32. Algiers (1938) .... Gaby
  33. Ekstase (1933) (as Hedy Kiesler) .... Eva Hermann
    ... aka Ecstasy (USA)
    ... aka Ekstase (Austria)
    ... aka My Ecstasy (USA: reissue title)
    ... aka Rhapsody of Love (USA: reissue title)
    ... aka Symphony of Love
  34. Man braucht kein Geld (1932) (as Hedy Kiesler) .... Käthe Brandt
    ... aka His Majesty King Ballyhoo (informal English title)
    ... aka No Money Is Needed (USA: informal English title)
    ... aka Onkel aus Amerika, Der (Germany)
    ... aka We Need No Money (UK: literal English title)
  35. Koffer des Herrn O.F., Die (1931) (as Hedy Kiesler) .... Helene, the Mayor's Daughter
    ... aka Build and Marry
    ... aka The Thirteen Trunks of Mr. O.F.
    ... aka The Trunks of Mr. O.F.
  36. Blumenfrau von Lindenau, Die (1931) .... Secretary
    ... aka Storm in a Water Glass (USA)
    ... aka Sturm im Wasserglas
    ... aka The Flower Woman of Lindenau
  37. Geld auf der Straße (1930) (as Hedwig Kiesler) .... Young Girl at Night Club Table
    ... aka Money on the Street
Soundtrack:
  1. Alive and Lubricated
  2. My Favorite Spy
  3. White Cargo (1942) ("Ma Blushin' Rosie" (1900))
  4. H.M. Pulham, Esq. (1941) (performer: "Three O'Clock in the Morning" (1922)) ("Three O'Clock in the Morning" (1922))
Producer:
  1. The Strange Woman (1946) (executive producer)
Self:
  1. "American Masters" .... Sandra Kolter (1 episode, 2004)
        - Judy Garland: By Myself (2004
  2. "The Merv Griffin Show" .... Guest / ... (2 episodes, 1969-1970)
        - Episode dated 2 June 1970 (1970) TV Episode .... Herself
        - Episode dated 18 August 1969
  3. "Personality" .... On film (1 episode, 1969)
        - Episode dated 15 August 1969 (1969) TV Episode .... On film
  4. "The David Frost Show" .... Guest (1 episode, 1969)
        - Episode dated 14 August 1969 (1969) TV Episode .... Guest
  5. "The Mike Douglas Show" .... Guest (1 episode, 1969)
        - Episode dated 12 August 1969 (1969) TV Episode .... Guest
  6. "The Dick Cavett Show" .... Guest (1 episode, 1969)
        - Episode dated 2 June 1969 (1969) TV Episode .... Guest
  7. "Shindig!" .... Guest (1 episode, 1965)
        - Episode #1.61 (1965) TV Episode .... Guest
  8. "The Celebrity Game" .... Celebrity Panelist (1 episode, 1964)
        - Episode dated 3 May 1964 (1964) TV Episode .... Celebrity Panelist
  9. "The Tonight Show" (1 episode, 1962)
        - Episode dated 23 April 1962
  10. "What's My Line?" .... Guest Panelist / ... (2 episodes, 1957-1958)
        - Episode dated 5 January 1958 (1958) TV Episode .... Guest Panelist
        - Episode dated 31 March 1957 (1957) TV Episode .... Mystery Guest
  11. "The Steve Allen Show" .... uth Show (USA: new title)
        - Episode #2.45 (1957) TV Episode .... Herself - Match Game Wife
  12. "I've Got a Secret" .... Guest Star (1 episode, 1957)
        - Episode dated 10 April 1957 (1957) TV Episode .... Guest Star
  13. "The Perry Como Show" ..lub
        - Episode dated 30 March 1957 (1957) TV Episode .... Guest Star
  14. "The Colgate Comedy Hour" ..ubtitle)
        - Episode #3.25 (1953) TV Episode .... Herself - Actress
        - Episode #3.15 (1952) TV Episode .... Herself - Actress
        - Episode #2.37 (1952) TV Episode .... Herself - Actress
  15. "Toast of the Town" .how (USA: new title)
        - Episode #4.1 (
  16. Show Business at War (lume IX, Issue 10
  17. The Miracle of Sound
  18. Screen Snapshots Series 18, No. 10 (1939) .... Herself
  19. Hollywood Goes to Town (1938) (uncredited) .... Herself
Archive Footage:
  1. Hedy Lamarr: Secrets of a Hollywood Star (2006) .... Herself
  2. Edgar G. Ulmer - The Man Off-screen (2004)
  3. Calling Hedy Lamarr (2004) .... Herself
  4. Celebrity Naked Ambition (2003) (TV)
  5. The Casting Couch (1995) (V)
  6. Entertaining the Troops (1994) .... Herself
  7. That's Entertainment! III (1994) (uncredited) .... Herself (clip from "Ziegfeld Girl")
  8. Espectador que o Cinema Esqueceu, O (1991)
  9. Instant Karma (1990) .... Movie Goddess
  10. Going Hollywood: The War Years (1988) .... Herself
  11. Life Goes to War: Hollywood and the Home Front (1977) .... Herself
  12. That's Action (1977) .... Herself
  13. That's Entertainment, Part II (1976) (uncredited) .... Clip from 'White Cargo'
  14. Brother, Can You Spare a Dime? (1975)
  15. "The World at War" (1974) (uncredited) .... Herself
  16. The Love Goddesses (1965) .... Herself
  17. Some of the Best (1949) .... Herself

Frequency-hopped spread spectrum invention

Hedy Lamarr (under her then-married name of Hedy Kiesler Markey) and composer George Antheil received U.S. Patent 2,292,387 for their Secret Communication System on August 11, 1942. This early version of frequency hopping used a piano roll to change between 88 frequencies and was intended to make radio-guided torpedoes harder for enemies to detect or jam. This idea was controversial and ahead of its time and technology. The technology was not implemented until 1962, when it was used by U.S. military ships during a blockade of Cuba,[3] after the patent had expired. Neither Lamarr nor Antheil made any money from the patent. Perhaps due to this lag in development, the patent was little-known until 1997, when the Electronic Frontier Foundation gave Lamarr an award for this contribution.

Lamarr's frequency-hopping idea served as the basis for modern spread-spectrum communication technology used in devices ranging from cordless telephones to WiFi Internet connections. The technology in particular that is often attributed to her and George Antheil is CDMA.[4] Lamarr wanted to join the National Inventors Council but she was told that she could better help the war effort by using her celebrity status to sell War Bonds. She once raised $7,000,000 at just one event.

Death

Lamarr died in Altamonte Springs, Florida (near Orlando) on January 19, 2000.

Legacy

In 2003, the Boeing corporation ran a series of recruitment ads featuring Hedy Lamarr as a woman of science. No reference to her film career was made in the ads. In 2005, the first Inventor's Day in German-speaking countries was held in her honor on November 9, on what would have been her 92nd birthday.

Marriages

Briefly engaged to the actor George Montgomery in 1942,[5] Lamarr was married to:

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